On Windows 10, setting a static IP address to your computer is an essential configuration that may be required in a number of scenarios. For example, if you’re planning to share files or a printer on a local network, or when trying to configure port forwarding.
If you don’t assign a static IP address, the services your computer provides to other devices, or that port forwarding configuration, will eventually stop working. This is because, by default, connected devices use dynamic IP addresses assigned by the DHCP server (usually your router), which can change as soon as you restart your machine.
In this guide, you’ll learn the steps to set a static IP (version 4) address to your Windows 10 device when it’s providing a service on the network, or you’re simply configuring port forwarding to your device on the router.
Although using command lines may be challenging for some users, it’s one of the quickest way to assign a static IP address to a Windows 10 PC.
Search for Command Prompt, right-click the result and select Run as administrator to open the console.
Type the following command to see your current networking configuration and press Enter:
Under the network adapter note the name of the adapter as well as the following information in these fields:
Type the following command to assign a static IP address and press Enter:
netsh interface ip set address name="Ethernet0" static 10.1.2.220 255.255.255.0 10.1.2.1
In the above command make sure to change Ethernet0 for the name of your network adapter, and you must change 10.1.2.220 255.255.255.0 10.1.2.1 with the device IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway address that correspond to your network configuration.
Type the following command to set an DNS server address and press Enter:
netsh interface ip set dns name="Ethernet0" static 10.1.2.1
In the above command make sure to change Ethernet0 with the name of your adapter and 10.1.2.1 with the DNS server address of your network.
Type the following command to set an alternate DNS server address and press Enter:
netsh interface ip add dns name="Ethernet0" 22.214.171.124 index=2
In the above command make sure to change Ethernet0 with name of your adapter and 126.96.36.199 with an alternate DNS server address.
After completing the steps, you can test the new configuration using the ping command (e.g., ping google.com) to see if the internet is working. Alternatively, you can simply open your web browser and try to navigate to a website to see if the configuration works.
Microsoft is in the process of retiring netsh from Windows 10, as such you should start using the NetTCPIP networking module available in PowerShell instead.
If the Windows Console isn’t for you, it’s still possible to use Control Panel to change the IP settings of your Windows 10 PC.
Open Control Panel.
Click on Network and Internet.
Click on Network and Sharing Center.
On the left pane, click the Change adapter settings link.
Right-click the network adapter and select Properties.
Select the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) option.
Click the Properties button.
Select the Use the following IP address option.
Set the IP address (e.g., 10.1.2.220).
Set the Subnet mask. Usually, on a home network, the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.
Set the Default gateway. This address is typically your router’s IP address (e.g., 10.1.2.1).
Under Use the following DNS server addresses set Preferred DNS server, which is usually your router’s IP address, or IP address of the server providing DNS resolutions (e.g., 10.1.2.1).
Optionally, you can also enter set the Alternative DNS server, which your computer will use if it can’t reach the preferred server.
Click Close again to close the network adapter properties.
Once you’ve completed the steps, you can open your web browser and try loading a website to see if the configuration works.
Windows 10 also includes the PowerShell (version 5) command line platform that allows you to use the NetTCPIP module to manage networking settings, including the ability to change the IP address settings of your device.
Search for PowerShell, right-click the result, and select Run as administrator to open the console.
Type the following command to view your current network configuration and press Enter:
After running the command, note the following information:
Type the following command to set a static IP address and press Enter:
New-NetIPAddress -InterfaceIndex 4 -IPAddress 10.1.2.220 -PrefixLength 24 -DefaultGateway 10.1.2.1
In the above command make sure to change the InterfaceIndex number with the one corresponding to your adapter. Change IPAddress with the IP address you want to assign to your device. Only if necessary, change PrefixLength (subnet mask) with the correct bit number. Typically on a home network the setting is 24.
Also, change DefaultGateway with the default gateway address of your network.
Type the following command to assign a DNS server address and press Enter:
Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceIndex 4 -ServerAddresses 10.1.2.1
If you need to set a secondary DNS server address, you can use the same command, and to add another address simply use a comma.
Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceIndex 4 -ServerAddresses 10.1.2.1, 188.8.131.52
In the above command make sure to change the InterfaceIndex number with the one corresponding to your adapter, and change ServerAddresses with the DNS IP address.
After completing the steps, you can test the new configuration by opening your web browser and trying to navigate to a website.
Starting with Windows 10 Fall Creators Update is also possible change the IP address settings using the Settings app. However, for some strange reason, the IP address option is only available for wireless adapters.
Click on Network & Internet.
Click on Wi-Fi.
Click on the current connection.
Under “IP settings,” click the Edit button.
Using the drop-down menu, select Manual.
Turn on the IPv4 toggle switch.
Set the static IP address.
Set the Subnet prefix length (subnet mask). If your subnet mask is 255.255.255.0, then the subnet prefix length in bits is 24.
Set the Default Gateway address.
Set the Preferred DNS address.
Set the Alternate DNS address (if applicable).
Click the Save button.
Once you’ve completed the steps, you can test your settings using your web browser to try opening a website.
Whatever the method you use, it’s recommended to assign IP address within the network range and outside of the DHCP server scope to allow proper connectivity and avoid address conflicts, as if two device share the same IP address neither will be able connect to the internet.
If you need help configuring a static IP address on Windows 10, make sure to ask in the PUREinfoTech forums.
Although we’re focusing this guide on Windows 10, you can use the Command Prompt and Control Panel methods on Windows 8.1 and Windows 7.