Backing up drivers

How to create a backup of drivers using command-line on Windows 10

Here is an easy way to backup and restore device drivers on Windows 10 using the DISM command-line tool.

Backup drivers on Windows 10

Whether you’re doing a clean installation or reinstallation Windows 10, you always have to make sure to install those device drivers to enable the OS to work with the hardware and peripherals connected to your computer.

Nowadays, this isn’t much of an issue anymore, as Windows 10 can detect most of the drivers on your device automatically. In addition, you can always visit your device manufacturer’s support website to download the latest drivers.

However, there will be times when Windows 10 won’t be able to install certain drivers or your manufacturer will stop offering driver for a particular device. Fortunately, Windows 10 includes a command to backup every driver installed on your computer, which you can use before reinstalling Windows 10.

In this guide, you’ll learn the steps to use Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) command-line tool to create a backup of all the drivers on your device, and how you can restore them on Windows 10.

How to backup device drivers using DISM

Use these steps to backup all the device drivers using the DISM command tool on Windows 10:

  1. Open File Explorer.

  2. Create a new folder where you want to store the backup with all the drivers (Ctrl + Shift + N).

  3. Open Start.

  4. Search Command Prompt, right-click the top result, and select Run as administrator option.

  5. Type the following command and press Enter:

    DISM /online /export-driver /destination:C:\DriverBackup
    DISM backup drivers on Windows 10
    DISM backup drivers on Windows 10
    Note: Change the C:\DriverBackup with the path to the folder where you want to store the backup. If you’re planning to reinstall the operating system, it’s recommended to save the driver backup to an external storage.

Once you completed the steps, DISM will look and make a copy of all the drivers stored in C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore.

It’s important to point out that this method will only make a backup of those .inf drivers. Other drivers installed using an .msi or .exe package won’t get backed up.

How to restore device drivers on Windows 10

According to documentation you should be able to restore drivers on the new installation of Windows 10 using this command: DISM /online /Add-Driver /Driver:D:\DriverBackup /Recurse. However, every time you try the command you’ll get an error: 50 “This command can only be used with an Offline image.”

However, after reinstalling Windows 10, it’s likely that you’ll only need to install a few drivers as the operating system will detect most of them automatically (even without checking for updates), as such you can install the remaining drivers using Device Manager.

To restore drivers manually on Windows 10, do the following:

  1. Open Start.

  2. Search for Device Manager and click the top result to open the experience.

  3. Double-click the category with the device you want to install the driver. (If the device doesn’t currently have any driver installed, it’ll be highlighted as an unknown device.)

  4. Right-click the device and select the Update Driver Software option.

    Device Manager update drivers
    Device Manager update device driver
  5. Click the Browse my computer for driver software option.

    Device Manager browse driver folder
    Device Manager browse backup driver folder
  6. Click the Browse button, locate, and open the folder with backup of all your drivers.

  7. Make sure to check the Include subfolders option.

  8. Click the Next button.

    Device Manager restore device driver
    Device Manager restore device driver
  9. Click the Close button.

You can repeat the same steps to install any remaining device without a driver.

While the operating system can detect a number of device drivers, you’ll find this guide particularly useful when Windows 10 can’t detect your network adapter or older devices are no longer supported, but previous drivers still work.