Domain Name System (DNS) is a service that translate friendly domain names (Google.com) into IP addresses (126.96.36.199) which aren’t friendly to remember. Typically, you don’t have to worry about adjusting your DNS configuration, because your Internet Service Provider (ISP) always provides this service automatically. However, there are many other the DNS resolvers that are faster, reliable, private, and more secure, including those provided by CloudFlare, Google, and Cisco.
If the DNS servers offered by your ISP are slow and not reliable, or you simply don’t trust their resolvers, you can change the DNS addresses on Windows 10 in at least four different ways using Command Prompt, PowerShell, and Control Panel.
- List of fast and reliable free DNS services
- How to change DNS address using Command Prompt
- How to change DNS address using PowerShell
- How to change DNS address using Control Panel
List of fast and reliable free DNS services
Although there are many resolver services out there, CloudFlare, Google, and OpenDNS are among the companies that offer resolvers that are fast, reliable, and secure.
CloudFlare DNS addresses
Google Public DNS addresses
OpenDNS by Cisco DNS addresses
How to change DNS address using Command Prompt
Although using command lines is the most suited method for most regular users, it’s one of the quickest way to change the DNS address on Windows 10.
Search for Command Prompt, right-click the result and select Run as administrator to open the console.
Type the following command to see your current networking configuration and press Enter:
Under the network adapter note the name of the network adapter as well as the following information in these fields:
- DNS Servers
Type the following command to set the new DNS server address and press Enter:
netsh interface ip set dns name="Ethernet0" static 188.8.131.52
In the above command make sure to change Ethernet0 with the name of your adapter and 184.108.40.206 with the DNS server address that you want to use.
Type the following command to set an alternate DNS server address and press Enter:
netsh interface ip add dns name="Ethernet0" 220.127.116.11 index=2
In the above command make sure to change Ethernet0 with name of your adapter and 18.104.22.168 with the preferred alternate DNS server address.
After completing the steps, you can confirm the new configuration using the ipconfig /all command and checking the DNS Servers addresses.
Microsoft is in the process of retiring netsh on Windows 10, as such you should start using the NetTCPIP networking module available in PowerShell instead.
How to change DNS address using PowerShell
Windows 10 also includes PowerShell command line platform that allows you to use the NetTCPIP module to manage networking settings, including the ability to change the DNS address settings of your device.
Search for PowerShell, right-click the result, and select Run as administrator to open the console.
Type the following command to view your current network configuration and press Enter:
After running the command, note the following information:
Type the following command to assign a primary DNS server address and press Enter:
Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceIndex 10 -ServerAddresses 22.214.171.124
(Optional) If you need to set a secondary DNS server address, you can use the same command, but adding a comma and appending the second address:
Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceIndex 10 -ServerAddresses 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52
In the above command make sure to change the InterfaceIndex number with the one corresponding to your adapter, and change ServerAddresses with the DNS IP address.
After completing the steps, you can test the new configuration using this guide.
How to change DNS address using Control Panel
If Command Prompt isn’t for you, it’s still possible to use Control Panel to change the DNS settings on Windows 10 using these steps:
Open Control Panel.
Click on Network and Internet.
Click on Network and Sharing Center.
On the left pane, click the Change adapter settings link.
Right-click the network adapter and select Properties.
Select the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) option.
Click the Properties button.
Under the “Use the following DNS server addresses” section set Preferred DNS server, which is IP address of the server providing DNS resolutions (for example, 184.108.40.206).
(Optional) Set the Alternative DNS server, which is the DNS address that your device will use if it can’t reach the preferred server address.
Click the OK button.
Click the Close button.
Once you’ve completed the steps, you can open your web browser and try loading a website to see if the configuration works.
Whatever the method you use, make sure the IP address for the DNS server is correct to allow proper resolution. Otherwise, you won’t be able to connect to the internet.
If you need more help assigning a DNS address on Windows 10, make sure to ask in the Pureinfotech forums. If you’re looking to assign static IP address to the entire networking stack, then use this guide.
Although we’re focusing this guide on Windows 10, you can use the Command Prompt and Control Panel methods on Windows 8.1 and Windows 7.