You can upgrade Windows 7 to Windows 10 for free using the in-place upgrade option without losing your files, instead of having to erase your device clean. You can perform this task using the Media Creation Tool, which is not only available for Windows 7, but also for devices running Windows 8.1.
In this guide, you’ll learn the steps to upgrade to Windows 10 from Windows 7 making sure you don’t run into issues during the installation. (Microsoft will be ending support of Windows 7 on January 14, 2020, and here’s what you need to know. If you prefer to upgrade performing a clean installation, then follow these step-by-step instructions.)
- Windows 7 to Windows 10 minimum hardware requirements
- How to create a full backup of Windows 7
- How to upgrade Windows 7 to Windows 10
Windows 7 to Windows 10 minimum hardware requirements
To upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 10, your device must meet the minimum hardware requirements:
|Windows 10 version 1903 & 1909 requirements|
|Processor||1GHz or faster CPU or System on a Chip (SoC).|
|RAM||1GB for 32-bit or 2GB for 64-bit .|
|Hard drive space||Existing installations: 16GB for 32-bit or 20GB for 64-bit.|
Clean install or new PC: 32GB or larger.
|Graphics||DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver.|
|Networking||Wi-Fi or Ethernet adapter.|
In addition, you’ll also need to be running the latest version of your current operating system, in this case “Windows 7 Service Pack 1”. If you don’t have this update already installed, you can download it here.
To upgrade your Windows 7 device, you need a valid Windows 10 product key, as the free upgrade offer ended in July 2016. However, it’s still possible to upgrade to Windows 10 using a Windows 7 product key, but it may or may not work. If you try, and you see the “This product key didn’t work. Please check it and try again, or try a different key” message, you’ll need to purchase a new license.
How to create a full backup of Windows 7
Although, Microsoft has been improving the upgrade process with Windows 10, there are always chances that the upgrade will cause problems, and to avoid any issues, you should make sure to have a full backup of your system that you can use to roll back if anything happens. Luckily, Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 come with the System Image Backup tool to create a backup of your entire computer.
How to upgrade Windows 7 to Windows 10
Before starting the upgrade process, it’s recommended that you uninstall any software, such as antivirus, security software, and old third-party programs that may prevent you from successfully upgrading to Windows 10.
You should also disconnect any hardware connected to your computer, including printer, phone, camera, external hard drive, and other USB peripherals. Sometimes connected devices can be the reason why your system fails during the upgrade.
To upgrade to Windows 10 from Windows 7, use these steps:
- Quick tip: If you have an older version of Internet Explorer, you probably won’t be able to access the Microsoft download website. If this is your case, you’ll need to use another web browser like Google Chrome.
Click the Download tool now button and save the installer on your device.
Double-click the MediaCreationTool.exe to launch the Windows 10 setup wizard.
Click Accept to the licensing agreement.
Select the Upgrade this PC now option to download the files and begin the upgrade.
Click the Next button.
Type a valid Windows 10 product key for the edition you’re trying to upgrade (if applicable).
Click the Next button.
Click the Accept button to agree to the licensing agreement again.
Select the Keep personal files and apps option.
Click the Install button.
After the installation completes, you’ll need to go through the easy out-of-box-experience (OOBE) to finish setting up Windows 10, and then you’ll once again see your familiar desktop and every new feature included with Windows 10.
Additionally, make sure to use Device Manager to check that every piece of hardware is installed correctly on your system, reinstall your antivirus, and any other software you uninstall before the upgrade.
Update January 21, 2020: This guide was originally published in August 2015, and it’s been revised in January 2020.